Pinocchio

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Pinocchio, released on February 7, 1940, is an American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions, and based on the Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi.  It was the second animated feature film produced by Disney, made after the success of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937).

The plot of the film starts with Jiminy Cricket, who explains that he is going to tell a story of a wish coming true.  His story begins in the Italian workshop of a woodworker named Geppetto. Jiminy watches as Geppetto finishes work on a wooden marionette whom he names Pinocchio. Before falling asleep, Geppetto makes a wish on a star that Pinocchio be a real boy.  During the night, a Blue Fairy visits the workshop and brings Pinocchio to life, although he still remains a puppet.  She informs him that if he proves himself brave, truthful, and unselfish, he will become a real boy, and assigns Jiminy to be his conscience.

Pinocchio's efforts to become a real boy involve encounters with a host of unsavory characters.  He is notably characterized for his frequent tendency to lie, which causes his nose to grow

Pinocchio was a groundbreaking achievement in the area of effects animation, giving realistic movement to vehicles, machinery and natural elements such as rain, lightning, smoke, shadows and water.

Critical analysis of Pinocchio identifies it as a simple morality tale that teaches children of the benefits of hard work and middle-class values.  Although it became the first animated feature to win a competitive Academy Award – winning two for Best Music, Original Score and for Best Music, Original Song for "When You Wish Upon a Star" – it was initially a box office disaster.

It eventually made a profit in its 1945 reissue, and is considered one of the greatest animated films ever made.  The film and characters are still prevalent in popular culture, featuring at various Disney parks and in other forms of entertainment.  In 1994, Pinocchio was added to the United States National Film Registry for being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". 

When you wish upon a star
Makes no difference who you are
Anything your heart desires will come to you

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